Roses help us to express our love for one another, provide the perfect scent for a lovely perfume and add sophistication and beauty to any garden. Despite all of their positive attributes, roses are often regarded as one of the most temperamental flowers to grow. Here are some tips and tricks to help you achieve your very own beautiful blooms:
Researching the right type of rose can be overwhelming given that there are over 100 species to consider. Canada’s Explorer and Parkland Roses have become international successes because they’re considered to be winter-hardy and easy to grow. The Canadian Rose Society website includes a long list of rose species pairing them up with the Canadian geographic zones that they are best suited for. www.canadianrosesociety.org
Once you have selected your rose variety, it’s time to plant. Spring is the ideal time for planting because the soil is moist and your roses will have a longer growing season so they can bloom to their full potential. If you missed the spring planting season don’t fret, roses can also be planted in September for fall.
Choosing the right location to plant your roses is extremely important and should not be overlooked. Search for a well-drained site that gets about 4-6 hours of direct sunlight. Bush roses provide colour throughout the summer and should be planted 1.5 to 2.5 ft. apart. Miniature and patio roses are perfect for small gardens including container gardens. Ramblers and climbers work well to cover walls and fences and should be planted 5 to 8 ft. apart. If you choose winter hardy shrub roses, also known as landscape roses, be sure to plant them on their own or at least 3 to 5 ft. apart.
Fertilize established roses according to growing instructions, but keep in mind that newly planted roses should not be fertilized until they have had their first bloom.
Roses need a lot of water during the growing season, so if you’re experiencing a dry spell, be sure to soak them once or twice a week once you’ve checked the soil’s moisture level. Typically, it’s best to water your roses in the early morning or late afternoon.